*** Featured in National Geographic Traveler’s 50 Tours of a Lifetime ***
Even before the Spanish arrived in the 1500s, Peru was a collage of cultures determined by its geography. The Andes exert the greatest influence on climate, topography, flora and fauna, and best illustrate the division in society: the mountains remain a refuge for the indigenous peoples, who practice farming and hand made textile manufacturing. The area where they reside is in remote mountain villages and classified as the Tropical Andes. It contains about a sixth of all plant life in less than 1% of the world’s land area.
The Inca Empire is most remembered for the audacious engineers, building spectacular mountain -top citadels. They developed elaborate farming terraces, sustaining their crops by canal and drainage systems. They worshiped the sun, moon, earth and mountains. Animals such as the condor and puma were also considered sacred. They built not only the largest empire in pre-Columbian America but also one of the largest in history.
All of the rides you enjoy will take you along original Inca trails that are only passable by horseback or on foot. You will be delighted to find that they are not the mainstream Inca trails that are teeming with large crowds or busloads of people – you and your horse will feel like true pioneers.